North Dakota

Key Highlight: Dakota Access Pipeline defendant put on electronic monitor


EM and the Law

Oglalla Lakota activist Rattler (government name Michael Markus) was arrested for taking part in the protests to stop the construction of the Dakota Access Pipeline in 2016. He managed to gain pretrial release, but was put on house arrest with an electronic monitor. Eventually a court ruled that the construction of the pipeline was illegal, but by that time Rattler had already completed his trial and was serving three years in a federal penitentiary. However, with the spread of COVID-19 in the Federal prison system, Rattler and other imprisoned activists petitioned to be released for their protection from the virus. The petition suggested that “if need be, inmates could be placed on home confinement through GPS monitoring.” The death threat of the virus had left them no option but to agree to GPS.

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